James


James
A common name in the 1st cent. CE (‘Jakobos’ in Greek) and in the NT several men bear it:
1) A son of Zebedee and brother of John [[➝ John the Apostle]] (Mark 3:17) and one of the twelve [[➝ Twelve, the]]; with Simon Peter and John he was also one of the more intimate group of three with Jesus, being present at the Transfiguration [[➝ transfiguration]] and in the garden of Gethsemane. He was beheaded by Herod Agrippa Ⅰ (Acts 12:2).
2) Son of Alphaeus, and also one of the Twelve (Mark 3:18); he may be the ‘James the Less’ (AV; ‘James the Younger’, NRSV, REB, NJB, Mark 15:40) whose mother Mary was present at the crucifixion and became a witness of Jesus' resurrection (Mark 15:40; 16:1).
3) A brother of Jesus (Gal. 1:19). The Greek does not necessarily demand that he should be another son of Mary, younger than Jesus, and as the belief in Mary's perpetual virginity grew in the Church, it was held either that James was a son of Joseph by a former marriage—Joseph's first wife having died—or that the word could denote ‘cousin’. Jerome (c.400 CE) took the view that James (and the other brothers, Mark 6:3) were the sons of another Mary, a sister of the mother of Jesus (John 19:25—the wife of Cleopas).
James, the Lord's brother, saw the risen Jesus (1 Cor. 15:7) in spite of earlier hesitations about him (Mark 3:31–3) and became leader of the Church in Jerusalem (Acts 15:13). He sent a delegation to investigate the affairs of the Church in Antioch (Gal. 2:12), where Paul had converted Gentiles. He had a reputation in Jerusalem for great piety and became the Church's second known martyr, Stephen being the first. In 62 CE, after the sudden death of the procurator Festus, he was stoned by order of the high priest, Ananus, according both to the Jewish historian Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]] and the Christian Hegesippus (quoted by Eusebius).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • James — is a common English surname and given name: James (name), the typically masculine first name James James (surname), various people with the last name James James may also refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Science and Technology …   Wikipedia

  • James II — may refer to:* James II, Count of La Marche (1370 1438), King Consort of Naples * James II (EP), the second EP by Mancunian band James * James II of Aragon (1267–1327), King of Sicily * James II of Cyprus (circa 1438–1473), Titular King of… …   Wikipedia

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  • James I — may refer to:* James I, Count of La Marche (1319 1362), Count of Ponthieu * James I of Aragon (1208–1276), Count of Barcelona * James I of Sicily (1267–1327), King of Valencia * James I of Cyprus (1334–1398), Titular King of Armenia * James I of… …   Wikipedia

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  • JAMES (C.) — JAMES CHARLES (1906 1978) Issu d’une famille américaine, Charles James effectue des études orageuses en Angleterre et en France avant de rejoindre ses parents à Chicago. C’est là qu’il ouvre, en 1926, une maison de modiste sous le nom de Charles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • James — m English and Scottish form of the name borne in the New Testament by two of Christ s disciples, James son of Zebedee and James son of Alphaeus. This form comes from Late Latin Iacomus, a variant of Iacobus, Latin form of the New Testament Greek… …   First names dictionary